A thorough study of the book of Romans from chapter 1 through 11. Chapters 12-16 are left to readers to study for themselves.

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What Paul wrote in this book of Romans is frequently misunderstood, or regarded with suspicion, that it gives folks a license to sin. This is not what Romans 3:20 said. For all practical intents and purposes, it says you will not get any closer to God by doing good, or be driven further from God by doing bad, because the law is only meant to show how sinful you are. It’s an x-ray into your heart to show its utter depravity. It does not heal you, or give you life.

When a true Christian, one who relies on nothing but the cross of Christ, is motivated by the indwelling Spirit of God to do good, or to refrain from evil, he does so not because of any law that tells him of the do’s and dont’s. Christians have a choice that they must make: rely on the strength of the flesh to carry out what is required by the law, or walk by faith, by the simple trust, or rest, in Christ who has a plan for all his do’s or dont’s. Christian leaders must be careful not to use guilt -powered by the law- to stir up the flesh.

Below is a summary of each chapter of Romans. Please click on the Chapter XX link to navigate to the study of the entire chapter.

Chapter 1

Obedience of faith is the willingness to base one’s salvation entirely on Christ. Salvation is to everyone who believes. God revealed the gospel from faith to faith. All have sinned and fallen short of God’s glory. The creation being a witness in chapter 1 is repeated in chapter 10 “Their voice has gone out into all the earth.” It’s the heavens who preach.

Chapter 2

All men are under judgement. Lawkeepers are judgemental, and they will be judged by the very law they uphold. God’s kindness that leads you to repentance. Unrepentance = not submitting to salvation through Christ. All will be judged according to the law or to grace. All Gentiles who live under the moral law in their hearts are condemned. All Jews under Mosaic Law are condemned.

Chapter 3

The Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. God’s righteousness abides even as those that call themselves by His name fail in every way. God’s grace is unfathomable against the backdrop of man’s wretchedness. All men are under condemnation. The law’s purpose is to convict all men of sin. Preach grace and you’ll be accused of promoting sins. No one can be justified by the works of the law. God’s righteousness for all who believe. Justified freely. Since salvation is by grace and through faith, there can be no boasting. Preach faith and you will be accused of trying to nullify the law.

Chapter 4

Boasting is the characteristic of those that rely on the law. Those that do not work, but believe in Christ is considered righteous. Rightousness is credited apart from works. God will never count the sins of those that believe ever again. Abraham was called righteous even before he was circumcised. Dead faith belongs to the one who relies on the law to get right with God. God’s promise is only voided if you rely on the law to get right with Him. The law only brings wrath. In conclusion, righteousness is by grace through faith only.

Chapter 5

Faith: access to God’s grace and peace. Rejoice in sufferings. God demonstrates His love for us. Reconciliation with God. Saved by Christ’s life. Death spreads to all. The Gift by the Grace of God. The reigns of sin vs. grace.

Chapter 6

We already died to sin. Old self already crucified with Christ. Died through Christ, now live through Christ. Sin is powerless because you’re not under law, but under grace.

Chapter 7

The master/slave relationship with the law. Released from one to marry another. To bear fruit to God: die to the law. Law/death vs. Spirit/life. The law reveals sin. The commandment brought death, not life. Men’s utter helplessness. We need WHO, not HOW.

Chapter 8

No more condemnation. The new law sets us free from the old law. True meaning of walking after the flesh. Where is the focus of your faith? Who walks after the flesh? The spirit lives but the flesh is dead. The Spirit gives life. The debt of the flesh is fully paid. Do not rely on the flesh to achieve God’s righteousness. Sealed by the Spirit. Peace in Christ. Suffering with Christ–the true meaning. Waiting for the day of deliverance from the bondage of decay. The Spirit prays for us. Those who are called by God. God’s love is undefeatable.

Chapter 9

Israel, the chosen people. Born of flesh / Born of the promise. The sovereignty of God through Jacob and Esau. The sovereignty of God through Pharaoh. The sovereignty of God shown through the clay and the potter illustration. God’s sovereign choice in wrath or mercy. Many are chosen but few are saved. God’s righteousness is only available through faith.

Chapter 10

Do not seek own righteousness. Seeking righteousness through the law is a vain pursuit. Righteousness through Christ is very near. The good news, preaching, and belief. The forgotten gospel.

Chapter 11

The remnant - God’s way of selection. Saved by grace. The law ensnares those who rely on it.

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